The Devices tab of iMazing Configurator’s library lists all iOS, iPadOS and tvOS devices which have been paired with the computer iMazing is running on. Use this screen to perform simple tasks on bulks of devices.
Choose which action to perform (Actions drop down menu at the top right), then select target devices and click Launch.
The following actions are available:
On connected devices
- Update OS will download the correct IPSW package (latest supported OS) for each device and install it.
- Erase fully erases all data and settings of selected devices.
- Shut Down
On all devices
- Forget will clear iMazing’s cache for the selected devices, remove them from iMazing, and remove the pairing link between the computer and the devices
- Export Device Details exports a wealth of information about the selected devices to a single CSV file, from iMazing’s cache if the device isn’t connected
- Export Serials exports serial numbers only, one per line, to a TXT file. Useful for device assignments.
Note that the Devices view is very similar to the Operation Dispatcher View iMazing Configurator displays when applying blueprints or installing profiles from the library. To learn more about available options and behaviors, please refer to the corresponding guide: iMazing Configurator: Operation Dispatcher View
Schedule automatic backups
When you first connect your device to your computer, you’ll be prompted to select your backup options. These options are set per device.
To ensure an optimal backup experience, make sure to greenlight () all available options.
Select Automatic Backups to schedule your device’s automatic backups:
- Choose your backups’ frequency.
- Set a timeframe for your preferred backup time.
- Prevent backups from running if your battery is running low.
By default, iMazing Mini will back up your devices daily via Wi-Fi, and will keep one month of backups. Everything is customizable and well labelled: snoop around and don’t hesitate to adjust default settings for a truly personalized backup experience!
The library view is the hub of iMazing Configurator. It can be accessed via the Configurator menu:
It is divided in 7 sections:
- is where you create, edit and apply blueprints. In iMazing Configurator, supervision and configuration of iOS devices is always done by applying a blueprint.
- lists all iOS devices known to iMazing. Via this view, you can quickly unpair and remove devices from iMazing, or perform simple tasks on bulks of devices: export device details to CSV, perform backups, update iOS/iPadOS.
- displays all backups from available backup locations. Use this view to delete unneeded backups, or to find a specific backup and browse its contents and restore it.
- lets you download apps from your Apple ID or VPP account, manage a local app library, install apps to connected devices and manage Volume Purchase license assignments.
- is where you’ll add or create configuration profiles which you can then include in blueprints or deploy directly.
- lists MDM servers you’ve configured in iMazing to streamline MDM enrollment.
- is where you’ll create, import or export supervising identities.
Location and persistence
By default, apps, blueprints and profiles are stored in .
This location can be changed from iMazing’s Preferences window.
Organizations and devices are always located in
Because organizations and devices are treated as preferences, resetting iMazing to factory settings will remove them from iMazing Configurator’s library. Organization certificates (i.e. supervising identities) are stored in the keychain and will persist a reset to factory settings.
Export a backup
You can export an iPhone or iPad backup from iMazing and choose a location where you want to save it.
Export the latest backup:
- Right click your device in iMazing’s left sidebar and click Export Backup as Folder.
- Choose a location on your hard drive or any external drive where you want to export this backup. The exported backup folder name will be the name of your device.
Export a particular backup version:
- In the sidebar, select your device.
- In the upper toolbar, click the Backups button. This will open the Backup List.
- Click the «Export» icon (square with arrow) on the backup of your choice.
- Choose a location on your hard drive or any external drive where you want to export this backup. The exported backup folder name will be the name of your device.
Файловый менеджер iMazing
Разработчики iMazing (ранее называлась DiskAid) основательно подошли к созданию своего продукта, хотя и сделали небесплатный инструмент для передачи данных. Забегая вперёд, могу сказать, что он стоит своих денег (особенно для жителей постсоветского пространства, не привыкших платить за софт).
Первое, на что обращаешь внимание после длительного тестирования — стабильность работы. Ни одного вылета, системной ошибки или подвисания не было, и это несказанно радует, так как те же бесплатные первопроходцы как iFunBox или iTools периодически подкидывают неприятные ляпы
iMazing — это файловый менеджер, поддерживающий все актуальные версии OS X и Windows (включая OS X El Capitain 10.11 и Windows 10) и доступный на 10 языках, включая русский с правильным и полным переводом.
Рассматриваемый инструмент поддерживает все мобильные яблочные устройства с установленной на борту iOS 4.0 и выше (даже такие ретромобилки с iPhone OS 3.0 to 3.2 тоже в теме). Уже заявлена поддержка iOS 9. iMazing работает с iPhone, iPod touch (включая iPod nano и Classic) и iPad. Наличие джейлбрейка НЕ требуется!
Второе, что бросается в глаза — симпатичный дизайн и эргономичный интерфейс. Конечно же разработчикам не мешало бы сделать редизайн программы под современные веяния iOS и OS X с плоским интерфейсом, но это скорее всего вопрос времени. В остальном всё красиво и определённо радует глаз. Никакой путаницы во время сёрфинга не возникает — всё логично и интуитивно понятно.
Осуществлять передачу данных можно как классическим способом посредством кабеля, так и через Wi-Fi. Количество одновременно подключаемых iOS-устройств не ограничено.
Занятной и достаточно полезной стала возможность модифицировать данные в резервной копии, автоматически сохраняемой на PC/Mac. После подключения устройства все произведённые изменения сразу же сохранятся на мобильном девайсе.
iMazing работает с приложениями, камерой, мультимедийными файлами (фото, видео, музыка, аудиозаписи), сообщениями, контактами, заметками, бэкапами системы и телефонной частью (журнал звонков и голосовые сообщения). Установив бесплатный файловый менеджер FileApp для iPhone и iPad, вы и вовсе сможете использовать свой девайс как флэшку, доступ к информации в которой будет предоставляться через Wi-Fi или USB (на PC/Mac для передачи данных будет задействован браузер, FTP-клиент, iMazing или специализированный бесплатный софт).
Имеется доступ к документам, хранящимся в облачном хранилище iCloud, и фотопотоку.
Но за всё хорошее надо платить — лицензия iMazing на одного человека обойдётся в $29,99. У программы имеется бесплатный пробный период дабы оценить весь имеющийся функционал. Владельцы лицензии DiskAid могут абсолютно бесплатно проапгрэйдиться до iMazing.
iMazing Mini Preferences
iMazing’s Mini Preferences are organized by tab:
Restart Mobile Device Services
Mobile Device Services are a suite of Apple drivers iMazing uses to communicate with your iPhone, iPad, or iPod. Restarting Mobile Device Services can resolve some connection issues.
When this box is ticked, you won’t receive notifications for successful or failed backups,
Default backup location
Location where iMazing will back up a newly connected device.
By default this location is set to the following:
In iMazing Configurator, Apple mobile devices are prepared and configured by applying blueprints. There is no Prepare action like in Apple Configurator 2. Instead, the blueprint editor neatly lays out all possible settings in one place. Here is the Blueprints Library:
From here, we can:
- Create or delete blueprints (+ and — buttons)
- Edit an existing blueprint (double click a blueprint in the list or click the Edit button in the summary view)
- Duplicate, import and export blueprints (⌄ button and context menu)
- Apply a selected blueprint to iOS, iPadOS or tvOS devices (Apply button at the bottom right of the window)
Learn more about creating and managing blueprints in the following guide: iMazing Configurator: Blueprints Deep Dive
The Apps, Camera, Photos and File System views share common features and actions that allow you to browse your files and copy them between your computer and your device:
5.1. — change your view to icons, list or columns.
5.2. — navigate to a different folder.
5.3. — select files or folder.
5.4. — interact with your selection.
5.1. Browser Views
Click one of the view buttons to change the view in the browsing area.
Windows Browser Views
|View objects as large icons.|
|View objects as tiles.|
|View objects as icons.|
|View objects as a list.|
|View objects’ details.|
From the List (Mac) or Details (Win) view, you can sort your files by Name, Date Modified, Date Created, Size or Kind.
To sort your files, simply click one of the column headers.
Click this button to view or change the path in the browsing area.
5.3. Browsing Area
Where iMazing displays all files and folders in the selected view. This is where you can make your selection.
You can also drag and drop files to and from views that allow File Browsing.
5.4. Bottom Toolbar
Access all available action for your selection from the bottom toolbar.
Actions are contextual: depending on your view, some might be disabled (grayed out).
|Copy to Mac/PC||Copy files from your iPhone, iPad, or iPod to your computer.|
|Copy to Device||Copy files from your computer to your iPhone, iPad, or iPod.|
|Delete||Delete the selected files from your device.|
|New Folder||Create a new folder at the current path.|
|New Shortcut||Create a new iMazing shortcut.|
|Get Info||Get information on the selected file or folder.|
|Options||Access options for the current view.|
What is an ‘Organization’?
In the context of mobile device management, an organization is a digital certificate (the Supervision Identity) associated with metadata about the organization (name, department, address…). The certificate is used to supervise Apple mobile devices and establish a privileged link between iOS/iPadOS devices and their supervising hosts. iMazing follows industry standards in securing the handling of certificates:
- Securely stored in the macOS Keychain
- Unencrypted certificates never written to physical storage
- Exported to standard password protected PKCS12 format () or (compatible with Apple Configurator 2)
If you are not familiar with supervision, please refer to
Creating an Organization
Click the ‘+’ button to create a new organization. Only an organization name is required, the other fields are optional. By default, iMazing will generate a new supervision identity and store it in the Keychain.
Importing an Existing Organization or Identity
Click the ‘⌄’ button and choose Import .organization File to import an organization exported from Apple Configurator 2 or iMazing Configurator.
If you need to add an organization to iMazing with an existing supervision identity (certificate), click the ‘+’ button and use the Supervision Identity drop down to choose a certificate in PKCS12 format ( or ) to associate with that organization, as illustrated in the following screenshot:
Exporting an Organization or Identity
Click the ⌄ button and choose Export to .organization File to export the organization, including its supervision identity, as an Apple Configurator compatible file.
Click the ⌄ button and choose Export Supervision Identity to .p12 File to export the organization’s certificate only.
In both cases, you’ll be prompted for a password to protect the exported PKCS12 certificate.
A few features useful for sys admins can be found outside of the iMazing Configurator window, in the ‘vanilla’ iMazing window. These features are available without an iMazing Configurator Edition license.
1.4 Differences with Apple Configurator
iMazing Configurator uses the same communication channels as Apple Configurator and relies on the same iOS technologies, but offers completely different workflows and quite a few additional features.
- Configurations and automations in iMazing are always applied via blueprints, not directly.
- Blueprints are divided into sections, giving you a clear view of available options.
- Inline editing tools and integration with iMazing Profile Editor enable quick iterations when testing new configurations.
- Apply blueprints to bulks of iOS devices simultaneously.
- Add files to blueprints, and choose the app they should go to, including system apps.
- Override app defaults with the Set Configuration feature. Populate the Library folder of apps.
- Handle devices which already have data without erasing them.
- Manage a local repository of apps downloaded from the App Store.
- Handy pre-configuration and post-configuration automations include a battery health check, a launch app action and more.
- Share or save blueprints thanks to our AES-256 encrypted format.
- Supervise and configure devices on Windows (see below for details)
- Speed-up MDM enrollment thanks to a Zero-touch enrollment mode.
- Backups of the same device are versioned by default to guard against data loss.
How does iMazing work?
Under the hood, iMazing uses many different technologies to connect to your mobile devices and grant you access to your data. A few key concepts:
- iMazing does not store any of your data online. The data you access and export is stored locally on your computer, in total respect of your privacy.
- Photos, Videos, Music, Books, Voice Memos and public Application files can be accessed directly. Other types of data like Messages or Call History will be pulled from a backup of your device.
- iMazing handles this for you — a backup will automatically be triggered when you access a type of data which requires it.
A backup is a snapshot of the current state of your iPhone, iPad, or iPod Touch. When you backup your device, you save its current state.
On your computer, backups are a large collection of files, the names of which are scrambled. That’s where iMazing works its magic.
iMazing reads through the thousands of files that make up your backup, and displays its contents in a simple and transparent graphical interface.
For more information, see Manage your backups with iMazing.
iMazing vs iTunes
There are many differences between iTunes and iMazing, but there are two key concepts to understanding how they differ:
Multiple Backups vs Single backup
iTunes keeps only one backup per device, resulting in potential data loss: back up your phone in iTunes after deleting some conversations, and the new backup will overwrite the previous one. The deleted conversations are lost.
In contrast, iMazing keeps multiple backups of each device so you can safely backup and access data that is no longer on your device.
Sync vs Transfer
iTunes can be set up to automatically sync your data between your iTunes Library and your device(s), so that the data on your computer matches what’s on your device. This can sometimes lead to data loss if you, for example, try to sync your device with a new computer.
With iMazing, you manually decide what you want to add to each device. This is by design, so you have the utmost control over your data.
The upper toolbar contains the following buttons:
1.1 — refreshes the current view
1.2 — visible only if you’re running the trial version of iMazing
1.3 — lists all available backups for the selected device
1.4 — lists all current and completed operations
1.5 — opens contextual help in your web browser
As most data needs to be pulled from your backup, iMazing sometimes needs to backup your device to display its latest data.
1.2. Unlock Full Version
The unlock button only appears in the trial version of iMazing.
To unlock all of iMazing’s features, you’ll need to purchase a license and enter your activation code.
For more information, see Manage your iMazing license
1.3. Backups Window
The Backups window allows you to select which snapshot of your device you would like to browse or restore. The first item represents your current state, the others your backups.
For more information on how to view, restore, edit or delete backups, see Manage your iPhone or iPad backups with iMazing.
1.4. Operations Window
The Operations Window displays all ongoing and past operations since you opened iMazing (e.g. importing music, exporting messages,…)
Use the buttons to the right of each operation for the following actions:
|Preview the exported file or folder, or go back to the operation’s full screen wizard if it hasn’t completed yet.|
|Reveal the exported file or folder in Finder or File Explorer, when applicable.|
Apple использует заведомо неудачную концепцию iTunes
Простейший анализ программного обеспечения, которое сегодня доступно для мобильных и настольных устройств Apple, дает понять — простым пользователям нужны несложные решения узкого направления, а мультифунциональные комбайны подойдут только профессионалам.
С логическим зерном в этом утверждении сложно спорить. Но из него заметно выпадает программа iTunes, которая до 2017 года обросла настолько большим количеством функций, что для самого краткого их обзора понадобится несколько полноценных материалов.
При этом iPhone и другие мобильные устройства Apple, для работы с файлами и другими данными на которых используется эта программа, первоначально создавались как простые и понятные. Получается ничего себе нестыковочка.
Компания продолжает усложнять приложение. Поэтому для него и появляются все новые альтернативы с узкой специализацией — например, iMazing.
Скачать iMazing 2 для Mac или PC на оф. сайте разработчика
Purposes of data processing
We only collect personal data for our customers’ services. This is why we collect personal data if and only if you purchase an iMazing license, open a support ticket, or actively subscribe to our newsletter.
For the needs of all current and prospective customers, we may use your data in a fully anonymised manner for product development prospects, internal statistics relevant to the satisfaction of our customers (such as general trends or preferences) or general improvements of our products and services or other business-relevant data traffic information. See article 6 on more information.
What is a backup?
A backup is a snapshot of the current state of your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch.
Apple restricts direct access to the data stored on your iPhone, iPad or iPod. This is meant as a safeguard to protect your privacy. Because of this, quite a bit of your data can only be accessed via a backup, not directly from the device itself. In short, backups keep your data safe on your computer, and let you access data which isn’t directly available when you connect your iPhone or iPad to your computer.
Backing up an Apple iOS device is not equivalent to copying your files. Apple’s iOS backup format is ‘flattened’: each file is assigned an ID which will be used as a a file name on the computer, and all files go to the same backup folder. The files do not have human friendly filenames, or file extensions. In short, it’s impossible to know what a file is by looking at it’s name.
This is where tools like iMazing are needed. iMazing creates a virtual reconstruction of your backup. From there, you can easily preview the files, or extract them to your computer.
The full suite of iMazing Configurator tools is only available on macOS, but some of its most important features can also be found in the Windows version of iMazing (iMazing 2.11.6 and later).
Blueprints designed with the macOS version of iMazing can be exported in format, and can then be copied to a Windows terminal and applied directly to devices via iMazing’s Quick Transfer wizard. Quick Transfer is a feature which works by identifying apps compatible with files you drop in iMazing. If iMazing detects that you are transferring a blueprint, it will offer to transfer it to Profiles, and apply the blueprint just as it would on macOS but without saving anything in iMazing’s library.
- In iMazing’s left sidebar, select the device to which the blueprint should be applied
- Drag and drop the file to the device detail view on the right of the window
- Select the Profiles app and confirm
Importing Organizations and Supervision Identities
The Organizations view is fully available in the Windows version of iMazing. It is accessed
Import your supervising organization here, or create an organization with your supervision identity, and you will be able to manage supervised devices with iMazing just like you would on macOS, including pairing devices which are configured with the restriction.
The Organizations view is implemented in the exact same way in the Windows and macOS versions of iMazing. See the
Creating, Editing, and Signing Configuration Profiles
The iMazing Profile Editor app is available for Windows too and is identical in functionality to its macOS counterpart. The app is embedded within iMazing and can be launched via the Tools menu. See Getting Started with iMazing Profile Editor for more information.
Profiles can be browsed, extracted from devices and installed too. More details here: How to Manage Configuration Profiles.
Supervising and Managing Supervised Devices
Starting with iMazing 2.12, the standard version of iMazing features a Supervision wizard – learn more about supervising and managing supervised devices with iMazing.
Manage Your Computer-Based License
Computer-based licenses enable activation of iMazing on a limited number of Mac or PC computers. The number of Apple mobile devices managed with iMazing is not limited.
Licenses of the that type include:
- iMazing Unlimited Devices License
- iMazing Business License
- iMazing Configurator
- iMazing 2 Legacy License ( license code format)
Remove Your License from iMazing
You can remove your license from iMazing using the License menu’s Remove License option. This will free up a seat so that you can activate iMazing with the same license code on another macOS or Windows computer.
View, Update or Cancel Your iMazing Plan
If you’ve opted for a subscription plan, the License menu’s Plan sub menu is where you can easily manage it:
From here, you can easily view and manage your plan.
- Add additional seats to your existing plan at a prorated price, keeping billing clean under one single subscription.
- Update your payment method in case of failed billing.
- Cancel your subscription. Your license will remain fully active until the end of the subscription period.
Note that we do not store any credit card information: you’ll be redirected to our payment platform Paddle for billing related tasks.
In the sidebar, you’ll find the devices you’ve connected to iMazing, as well as older backups of your devices. Your sidebar selection determines what iMazing displays in its main view.
Devices are listed in one of two sections:
- Available: this device can be reached via Wi-Fi or USB.
- Unavailable: this device cannot be reached currently, but iMazing will try to connect to it via Wi-Fi if you’ve enabled Wi-Fi connection when first connecting it to iMazing.
When you select a device, you’ll see the Device Info screen from where you can browse its data, including data from the main backup of that device: iMazing will get data from the backup if needed, or directly from the device if possible.
The contents of the can be accessed from the sidebar:
2.1. Connection Status
To the right of your devices’ name in the sidebar, you’ll find a connection status icon.
|Device is connected via USB|
|Device is connected via Wi-Fi|
|iMazing is searching for the device|
|Device is asleep|
|iMazing could not connect to the device, but you can still browse its backed up contents|
2.2. Old Backups
When iMazing loads a backup which is not the device’s current main backup, it will display it as a greyed out device, in a section labelled Old Backups. This happens in the following cases:
- Backup is of a device which you removed from iMazing
- Backup is stored in a location which is not the current backup location of the device
- Backup is an iTunes archived backup
Old backups can take a lot of space on your hard drive. These backups are often not needed anymore — check their contents before deleting them to regain disk space on your computer.
2.3. Load Backups
iMazing lets you load backups from any location. When a backup is loaded, it appears in your sidebar and its contents can be browsed.
- Add iMazing File: Import a .imazing file, iMazing 1’s default backup export format.
- Add Backup Folder: Load a specific backup folder. When you select this option, iMazing will ask whether you want to copy the backup folder to your default backup location, or if you want to open it from its current location.
- Add Backup Disk: When you select a disk as your backup location, iMazing creates an iMazing.Backups folder at the root of that drive. Adding a backup disc loads all the backups inside the iMazing.Backups folder of the selected local, external or network drive.
What are iMazing Backups?
The device ‘decides’ itself what is backed up and what isn’t (well, Apple does via iOS). iMazing cannot control the backup process itself, but it brings several key enhancements to the table:
- The ability to browse backups, extract data from them, and edit them
- Automatic Backup archiving (described below)
- Disk Usage break down of each backup
- Control over what data and which apps are restored when restoring a backup
iTunes maintains only one backup per device. Every time you back up your device, your last backup is overwritten, potentially resulting in data loss.
iMazing 2 archives your backups automatically, a unique solution that is comparable to Time Machine, but for your iOS device.
How does it work?
iMazing makes a ‘shallow’ copy of your current backups, so that the next time you backup, you still have access to your previous backup, and only the files which have changed take up disk space.
How much space will I save?
Precise numbers depends on the frequency of backups and on how much new data you generate. But, on average you’ll be able to keep dozens of backups for about twice the disk space of a normal backup.
For more information, see Backup Options in iMazing.
2.7 MDM Servers
Adding an MDM Server
To add one of your existing MDM servers to iMazing, click the + button and enter a name for that server. You then have 2 options to define how that server’s MDM enrollment profile will be acquired:
Download from URL
Enter your server’s open enrollment URL here. When you enroll devices via a blueprint, iMazing will either send the URL to the device for manual, user approved enrollment (Manual enrollment), or download the profile from that URL and install it directly (Zero-touch enrollment).
Choose from Library
Not all MDM services expose an open enrollment URL. For this reason, it can be useful to associate an existing MDM profile with a server:
- Download the enrollment profile from your MDM server
- Add the profile to iMazing’s profile library
- When you add the server, choose the Choose MDM Profile from Library option and pick the appropriate MDM profile from your library.
When you configure a blueprint for MDM enrollment to server defined by an enrollment profile (and not an open enrollment URL), only Zero-touch enrollment will be available.
Direct enrollment (preserves data)
Click Enroll Devices, and iMazing will prompt you to select devices to enroll and confirm. Enrolling devices with this method downloads the enrollment profile if needed, and installs it on target devices. iOS may prompt you to confirm profile installation. This workflow is suitable to test open enrollment or to enroll a device without erasing it.
DEP and MDM Enrollment via Blueprints
If your devices are enlisted in Apple’s Device Enrollment Program (DEP), you do not need to add your MDM server to iMazing Configurator. Instead, you can .
It is also possible to enroll non-DEP devices whilst minimizing user interaction. See the above link for more information about the various enrollment modes available in the blueprint editor.
The General tab contains iMazing’s most commonly used preferences.
Don’t show hints
Hints provide you with helpful suggestions to make sure you’re getting the most of iMazing. If you don’t need them, you can disable them here.
Don’t show wizards
Hide all wizards that do not require user input. Enables backup operations to go straight to the operations window for example.
Check this option if you’re recording a screencast or presenting iMazing in public. The Apple ID and phone number normally displayed under the selected device in iMazing’s main window will be hidden.
Clear iMazing cache
The cache speeds up loading by keeping important files at hand (e.g. decrypted files from encrypted backups, thumbnails, …) Clearing the cache is always safe: the cache will gradually be rebuilt as you again access your data in iMazing.
Reinstall Apple Mobile Device Services (Windows only)
Reinstalls Apple drivers required for your computer to communicate with your mobile devices. Reinstalling them can fix connection issues.
Completely resets iMazing:
- Clears the cache
- Removes license information
- Resets iMazing preferences to default
Restart Mobile Device Services
Mobile Device Services are a suite of Apple drivers iMazing uses to communicate with your iPhone, iPad, or iPod.Restarting Mobile Device Services can resolve some connection issues.
Safety & confidentiality
All communications between your web browser and imazing.com, as well as between our software products and our servers, are secured by strong SSL encryption.
Furthermore, access to your personal data is restricted to employees directly involved in customer support and analytics — they have been trained to observe our strict standards of care and confidentiality.
Nevertheless, it must be noted that the Internet is by nature not a completely secure space for any data; you duly understand and accept that DigiDNA is not liable for any direct or indirect damages resulting from events such as, but not limited to, malicious 3rd party interventions or technical failures of any kind.
1.2 Quick Start
If you’re just getting started with iOS device management, the following article provides a general overview of key concepts and technologies: Understanding Supervision, MDM, DEP and VPP.
You’re already experienced with iOS device management, or prefer to jump-in straight away and learn on the fly? Our iMazing Configurator: Quick Start Guide covers the bare essentials to get you going immediately. You can also watch the video below which covers the entire workflow, from scratch to deploying a blueprint to supervise devices, provision them with a PDF reader, add a PDF document and launch the app in Single App Mode:
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